RESEARCH ARTICLE


Selectivity Modeling of Synthesis Gas Reaction over the Iron Catalyst and Optimization Products



Hossein Atashi*, Somayyeh Veiskarami
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran


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© 2018 Atashi and Veiskarami.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Tel: +98 9121193366; E-mail address: H.Ateshy@hamoon.usb.ac.ir


Abstract

Background:

Among all of the consumable energy, the liquid fuel is very important. The use of the various technologies to produce this expensive material will be increasing day by day.

Materials & Methods:

The Fischer-Tropsch Process is one of these technologies. In this catalytic process, a lot of products are produced, therefore, it is always steered to the production of favorable products. For this reason, in order to predict the performance of iron-based catalysts, based on the three factors;pressure, temperature and H2/CO ratio, the selectivity models for the products were obtained. Then, the best possible conditions for the highest production of hydrocarbons were calculated which are used in the designing of engineering equipment.

Result & Conclusion:

The optimal condition for the maximum production of total hydrocarbons achieved was set as P=1 MPa, H2/CO=1, and T=542 K.

Keywords: Iron catalyst, Fischer – Tropsch, Selectivity model, Liquid fuel, Optimization, Water gas shift reaction.